Recognizing Emotions Conveyed through Facial Expressions

  • Emotional communication is a key element of habilitation care of persons with dementia. It is, therefore, highly preferable for assistive robots that are used to supplement human care provided to persons with dementia, to possess the ability to recognize and respond to emotions expressed by those who are being cared-for. Facial expressions are one of the key modalities through which emotions are conveyed. This work focuses on computer vision-based recognition of facial expressions of emotions conveyed by the elderly. Although there has been much work on automatic facial expression recognition, the algorithms have been experimentally validated primarily on young faces. The facial expressions on older faces has been totally excluded. This is due to the fact that the facial expression databases that were available and that have been used in facial expression recognition research so far do not contain images of facial expressions of people above the age of 65 years. To overcome this problem, we adopt a recently published database, namely, the FACES database, which was developed to address exactly the same problem in the area of human behavioural research. The FACES database contains 2052 images of six different facial expressions, with almost identical and systematic representation of the young, middle-aged and older age-groups. In this work, we evaluate and compare the performance of two of the existing imagebased approaches for facial expression recognition, over a broad spectrum of age ranging from 19 to 80 years. The evaluated systems use Gabor filters and uniform local binary patterns (LBP) for feature extraction, and AdaBoost.MH with multi-threshold stump learner for expression classification. We have experimentally validated the hypotheses that facial expression recognition systems trained only on young faces perform poorly on middle-aged and older faces, and that such systems confuse ageing-related facial features on neutral faces with other expressions of emotions. We also identified that, among the three age-groups, the middle-aged group provides the best generalization performance across the entire age spectrum. The performance of the systems was also compared to the performance of humans in recognizing facial expressions of emotions. Some similarities were observed, such as, difficulty in recognizing the expressions on older faces, and difficulty in recognizing the expression of sadness. The findings of our work establish the need for developing approaches for facial expression recognition that are robust to the effects of ageing on the face. The scientific results of our work can be used as a basis to guide future research in this direction.

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Metadaten
Document Type:Report
Language:English
Pagenumber:94
ISBN:978-3-96043-047-6
ISSN:1869-5272
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:1044-opus-31189
DOI:https://doi.org/10.18418/978-3-96043-047-6
Advisor:Erwin Prassler, Matthias F├╝ller
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2017/05/30
Series (Volume):Technical Report / Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg - University of Applied Sciences, Department of Computer Science (04-2017)
Tag:Gabor filters; LBP; LDP; facial expression recognition
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Informatik
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):000 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 000 Informatik, Wissen, Systeme / 004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
Entry in this database:2017/05/30
Licence (German):License Logokostenfreier Zugang, Rechte vorbehalten