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Social Protection in Ghana and Kenya through an Inclusive Development Lens: complex effects and risks

  • This paper analyzes the complex effects and risks of social protection programmes in Ghana and Kenya on poor people’s human wellbeing, voice and empowerment and interactions with the social protection regulatory framework and policy instruments. For this purpose, it adopts a comprehensive Inclusive Development framework to systematically explore the complex effects of cash transfers and health insurance at the individual, household and community level. The findings highlight the positive provisionary and preventive effects of social protection, but also illustrate that the poorest are still excluded and that promotive effects, in the form of enhanced productivity, manifest themselves mainly for the people who are less resource poor. They can build more effectively upon an existing asset base, capabilities, power and social relations to counter the exclusionary mechanisms of the system, address inequity concerns and offset the transaction costs of accessing and benefitting from social protection. The inclusive development framework enables to lay these complex effects and interactions bear, and points to areas that require more longitudinal and mixed methodology research.

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Document Type:Working Paper
Author:Nicky Pouw, Barbara Rohregger, Esther Schüring, Kennedy Alatinga, Bethuel Kinuthia, Katja Bender
Number of pages:29
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2018/05/16
Funding:This research was supported by funding of the NWO-WOTRO Science for Global Development Framework, through the INCLUDE knowledge platform 'Inclusive Development in Sub-Saharan Africa' research programme. The funding covered a period of two years, from April 2015-July 2017.
Series (Volume):IZNE Working Paper Series (Nr. 18/3)
Keyword:Ghana; Kenya; human wellbeing; inclusive development; social protection; transformative effects
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Fachbereich Sozialpolitik und Soziale Sicherung
Internationales Zentrum für Nachhaltige Entwicklung (IZNE)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
Series:IZNE Working Paper Series
Entry in this database:2018/05/16
Licence (Multiple languages):License LogoIn Copyright (Urheberrechtsschutz)