Pioneer study: PPARgamma activation results in overall improvement of clinical and metabolic markers associated with insulin resistance independent of long-term glucose control

  • New scores and biochemical markers have recently been published for diagnosis of insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction (such as intact proinsulin, adiponectin, IRISII-score). One goal of this 6-month prospective controlled study was to evaluate the impact of pioglitazone (45 mg) vs. glimepiride (1-6 mg, in the intend to optimize therapy) on these markers. Observation parameters were: IRIS-II score, HOMA-score, ATP III score, HbA (1c), fasting glucose, lipids, intact proinsulin, adiponectin, and adverse events. The study was completed by 173 patients (66 female, 107 male, age +/- STD: 63 +/- 8 years, disease duration: 7.2 +/- 7.2 years, HbA (1c): 7.53 +/- 0.85 %, pioglitazone arm: 89 patients). The groups were not different for any of the observation parameters at baseline, and a similar reduction in HbA (1c) was seen in both groups (p < 0.001). In the pioglitazone group, reductions were observed for the IRIS-II and HOMA scores (p < 0.001 vs. glimepiride at endpoint) fasting glucose (p < 0.001), insulin (p < 0.001), LDL/HDL ratio (p < 0.001), hsCRP (p < 0.05), intact proinsulin (p < 0.001), and an increase was seen in HDL (p < 0.001), adiponectin (p < 0.001) and BMI (p < 0.001). In conclusion, treatment with pioglitazone resulted in an improvement of markers for insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction, independent from blood glucose control. Adiponectin, intact proinsulin, and the IRIS-II score may be suitable parameters for monitoring of these additional beneficial therapeutic effects.

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Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):Horm Metab Res. (Hormone and Metabolic Research)
First Page:510
Last Page:515
Place of publication:Stuttgart
Publication year:2005
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Entry in this database:2018/06/08