Visfatin: a putative biomarker for metabolic syndrome is not influenced by pioglitazone or simvastatin treatment in nondiabetic patients at cardiovascular risk -- results from the PIOSTAT study

  • OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of pioglitazone (PIO) and simvastatin (SIMVA) on adiponectin and visfatin concentrations in nondiabetic patients with metabolic syndrome and increased risk for cardiovascular complications in a prospective randomized clinical trial. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS One-hundred twenty-five nondiabetic patients with increased cardiovascular risk [78 females, 47 males, age (mean+/-STD:58.6+/-7.8years, BMI:30.8+/-4.2(kg/m2] were included after randomization to PIO+lacebo, SIMVA+placebo, or PIO+SIMVA treatment for 3 months. At baseline and endpoint, measurements of HbA1c, glucose, insulin, LDL cholesterol, adiponectin and visfatin were performed. Insulin resistance was assessed by means of the HOMAIR-score. RESULTS Improvement in the HOMAIR-score was observed with PIO and the combination, but not with SIMVA alone, which was accompanied by an increase in adiponectin with PIO treatment groups, but a decrease with SIMVA alone (baseline/endpoint: PIO: 14.0+/-8.2 mg/l/ 27.6+/- 14.5 mg/l, p<0.05; PIO+SIMVA: 11.7+/-10.0 mg/l/26.7+/-15.7 mg/l, p<0.05; SIMVA: 15.5+/-12.7 mg/l/ 11.6+/-7.0 mg/l, p<0.05). No change could be observed in the visfatin concentrations (PIO: 47.6+/-14.5 ng/ml/48.0+/-11.6 ng/ml, PIO+SIMVA: 45.1+/-10.9 ng/ml/47.9+/-10.1 ng/ml, SIMVA: 49.2+/- 13.4 ng/ml/52.1+/-16.7 ng/ml, n. s. in all cases). CONCLUSIONS Insulin resistance and/or cardiovascular risk indicators were not associated with visfatin levels. Regulation of visfatin secretion occurs through biochemical pathways independent from those influenced by pioglitazone or simvastatin.

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Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):Horm Metab Res. (Hormone and Metabolic Research)
First Page:764
Last Page:768
Place of publication:Stuttgart
Publication year:2007
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Entry in this database:2018/06/08