Low-Input Crops as Lignocellulosic Feedstock for Second-Generation Biorefineries and the Potential of Chemometrics in Biomass Quality Control

  • Lignocellulose feedstock (LCF) provides a sustainable source of components to produce bioenergy, biofuel, and novel biomaterials. Besides hard and soft wood, so-called low-input plants such as Miscanthus are interesting crops to be investigated as potential feedstock for the second generation biorefinery. The status quo regarding the availability and composition of different plants, including grasses and fast-growing trees (i.e., Miscanthus, Paulownia), is reviewed here. The second focus of this review is the potential of multivariate data processing to be used for biomass analysis and quality control. Experimental data obtained by spectroscopic methods, such as nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), can be processed using computational techniques to characterize the 3D structure and energetic properties of the feedstock building blocks, including complex linkages. Here, we provide a brief summary of recently reported experimental data for structural analysis of LCF biomasses, and give our perspectives on the role of chemometrics in understanding and elucidating on LCF composition and lignin 3D structure.

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Metadaten
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Applied Sciences
Volume:9
Issue:11
First Page:2252
ISSN:2076-3417
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:1044-opus-45031
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/app9112252
Publisher:MDPI
Date of first publication:2019/05/31
Note:
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Tag:Miscanthus; Paulownia; Silphium; chemometrics; lignin; lignocellulosic feedstock; low-input crops; multivariate data analysis
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 547 Organische Chemie
Entry in this database:2019/06/06
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International