Effects of Vocational Re-training on Employment Outcomes Among Persons with Disabilities in Germany: A Quasi-Experiment

  • Purpose To investigate how completing vocational re-training influenced income and employment days of working-age people with disabilities in the first 8 years after program admission. The investigation also included the influence of vocational re-training on the likelihood of receiving an earnings incapacity pension and on social security benefit receipt. Methods This retrospective cohort study with 8 years follow up was based on data from 2399 individuals who had completed either a 1-year vocational re-training program (n = 278), or a 2-year vocational re-training program (n = 1754) or who were admitted into re-training but never completed the program (n = 367). A propensity score-based method was used to account for observed differences and establish comparability between program graduates and program dropouts. Changes in outcomes were examined using the inverse probability-weighted regression adjustment method. Results After controlling for other factors, over the 8 years after program admission, graduates of 1-year re-training, on average, were employed for an additional 405 days, 95% CI [249 days, 561 days], and had earned €24,260 more than without completed re-training, 95% CI [€12,805, €35,715]. Two-year program completers, on average, were employed for 441 additional days, 95% CI [349 days, 534 days], and had earned €35,972 more than without completed re-training, 95% CI [€27,743, €44,202]. The programs also significantly reduced the number of days on social-security and unemployment benefits and lowered the likelihood of an earnings incapacity pension. Conclusion Policies to promote the labor market re-integration of persons with disabilities should consider that vocational re-training may be an effective tool for sustainably improving work participation outcomes.

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Metadaten
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Author:Nicolas Echarti, Esther Schüring, Cathal O’Donoghue
Parent Title (English):J Occup Rehabil (Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
ISSN:1053-0487
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09866-x
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=31782034
Publisher:Springer US
Date of first publication:2019/11/28
Submission status:Latest Articles
Note:
© The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Tag:Program effectiveness; Propensity score; Rehabilitation; Return to Work; Vocational re-training
Entry in this database:2019/11/30
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International