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Planning Robot Placement for Object Grasping

  • When performing manipulation-based activities such as picking objects, a mobile robot needs to position its base at a location that supports successful execution. To address this problem, prominent approaches typically rely on costly grasp planners to provide grasp poses for a target object, which are then are then analysed to identify the best robot placements for achieving each grasp pose. In this paper, we propose instead to first find robot placements that would not result in collision with the environment and from where picking up the object is feasible, then evaluate them to find the best placement candidate. Our approach takes into account the robot's reachability, as well as RGB-D images and occupancy grid maps of the environment for identifying suitable robot poses. The proposed algorithm is embedded in a service robotic workflow, in which a person points to select the target object for grasping. We evaluate our approach with a series of grasping experiments, against an existing baseline implementation that sends the robot to a fixed navigation goal. The experimental results show how the approach allows the robot to grasp the target object from locations that are very challenging to the baseline implementation.

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Document Type:Preprint
Author:Manish Saini, Melvin Paul Jacob, Minh Nguyen, Nico Hochgeschwender
ArXiv Id:http://arxiv.org/abs/2405.16692v1
Date of first publication:2024/05/26
Keyword:Motion Planning; Robot Placement
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Informatik
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):0 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 00 Informatik, Wissen, Systeme / 006 Spezielle Computerverfahren
Entry in this database:2024/06/06