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Establishment of a Blood Vessel Cell Culture Model, Testing its Applicability in Microgravity and Drug Research and Examination of the Underlying Signaling Pathways

  • During space missions astronauts suffer from cardiovascular deconditioning, when they are exposed to microgravity conditions. Until now, no specific drugs are available for effective countermeasures, since the underlying mechanism is not completely understood. Endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play crucial roles in a variety of cardiovascular functions, many of which are regulated via P2 receptors. However, their function in ECs and SMCs under microgravity condition is still unknown. In this study, ECs and SMCs were isolated from bovine aorta and differentiated from human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), respectively. Subsequently, the cells were verified based on specific markers. An altered P2 receptor expression pattern was detected during the commitment of hMSC towards ECs and SMCs. The administration of natural and artificial P2 receptor agonists and antagonists directly affected the differentiation process. By using EC growth medium as conditioned medium, a vessel cell model was created to culture SMCs and vice versa. Within this study, we were able to show for the first time that the expression of some P2 receptors were altered in ECs and SMCs grown for 24h under simulated microgravity conditions. On the other hand, in some P2 receptor expressions such as P2X7 conditioned medium compensated this change. In conclusion, our data show that P2 receptors play an important functional role in hMSC differentiation towards ECs and SMCs. Since some P2 receptor artificial ligands are already used as drugs for patients with cardiovascular diseases, it is reasonable to assume that in the future they might be promising candidates for treating cardiovascular deconditioning.

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Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Author:Yu Zhang
Advisor:Matthias Kassack, Edda Tobiasch
Date of final exam:2014/07/10
Contributing Corporation:Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
Date of first publication:2014/07/28
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
Entry in this database:2015/04/02