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Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Lignin Produced from Beech Wood by Different Conditions of the Organosolv Process

  • Lignins in general have been extensively studied, while beech wood lignin in particular is rarely researched. In the present work, Organosolv isolated lignin from beech wood (OBL) has been characterized. The isolation was done by two methods: (a) by using sulfuric acid at 170 °C and a reaction time of 120 min and (b) at a temperature of 180 °C for 240 min. A range of analytical methods were applied including elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV–Vis, 31P NMR, SEC, Pyrolysis-GC/MS and HPLC to gain information about establish the purity, structure, molecular weight, thermal behavior and to determine carbohydrate residues according to the NREL protocol. FT-IR and UV–Vis spectra of OBL revealed expected typical absorptions for lignins. NREL analysis presented a carbohydrate-free lignin fraction which has not been achieved to date. TGA and DSC are used to study the thermal behavior of the isolated lignins and showed a relatively low glass transition temperatures (Tg: 123 °C) and decomposition temperatures of 348 and 381 °C. The pyrograms generated from the pyrolysis–GC/MS at 550 °C consisted mainly of fragments of syringyl, guaiacyl and hydroxyphenyl units, thereby confirming the results of the NMR analysis. Our findings support Organolsolv as an efficient method to isolate pure lignin fractions from beech wood with practical value in industry.

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Document Type:Article
Author:B. Hansen, P. Kusch, M. Schulze, B. Kamm
Parent Title (English):J Polym Environ (Journal of Polymers and the Environment)
First Page:85
Last Page:97
Date of first publication:2016/02/20
Tag:31P NMR; Biomass; Lignin; Organosolv; Pyrolysis–GC/MS
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
Entry in this database:2016/03/03