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Lignocellulosic Biomass for Energy, Biofuels, Biomaterials, and Chemicals

  • The main objective of this chapter is to explore the lignocellulose feedstock (LCF) biorefinery for industrial usage according to green chemistry principles. In particular, the isolation and valorization of lignin as one of the most interesting intermediates of LCF biorefineries is discussed, including lignin isolation, purification, and structure analysis. Structure elucidation involves various chromatographic, spectroscopic, microscopic, and thermochemical methods. Thus, basic structure–property relationships regarding the influence of biomass source and isolation process on lignin amount, constitution, and 3D structure are highlighted. Furthermore, storage effects on lignin structure and degradation effects are presented. Finally, potential applications are discussed, including novel lignin-based hydrogels, composite compounds (hybrids), and nanomaterials. Focus is drawn to antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of lignin for applications in packaging and biomedicine, that is, biomaterials for drug release and tissue engineering.

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Document Type:Part of a Book
Author:Abla Alzagameem, Basma El Khaldi-Hansen, Birgit Kamm, Margit Schulze
Parent Title (English):Vaz Jr. (Ed.): Biomass and Green Chemistry: Building a Renewable Pathway
First Page:95
Last Page:132
Place of publication:Cham
Date of first publication:2017/11/17
Tag:Antimicrobial activity; Antioxidant activity; Biomass; Biomaterial; Biorefinery; Cellulose; Lignin; Lignocellulose feedstock; Pulping; Renewable resource
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Institut für Technik, Ressourcenschonung und Energieeffizienz (TREE)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Entry in this database:2017/11/17