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Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) evaluation of myocardial viability: intraindividual comparison of monomeric vs. dimeric contrast media in a rabbit model

  • To evaluate the influence of different types of iodinated contrast media on the assessment of myocardial viability, acute myocardial infarction (MI) was surgically induced in six rabbits. Over a period of 45 min, contrast-enhanced cardiac MDCT (64 x 0.6 mm, 80 kV, 680 mAs(eff.)) was repeatedly performed using a contrast medium dose of 600 mg iodine/kg body weight. Animals received randomized iopromide 300 and iodixanol 320, respectively. Attenuation values of healthy and infarcted myocardium were measured. The size of MI was computed and compared with nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT)-stained specimen. The highest attenuation differences between infarcted and healthy myocardium occurred during the arterial phase with 140.0+/-3.5 HU and 141.0+/-2.2 HU for iopromide and iodixanol, respectively. For iodixanol the highest attenuation difference on delayed contrast-enhanced images was achieved 3 min post injection (73.5 HU). A slightly higher attenuation difference was observed for iopromide 6 min after contrast medium injection (82.2 HU), although not statistically significant (p=0.6437). Mean infarct volume as measured by NBT staining was 33.5%+/-13.6%. There was an excellent agreement of infarct sizes among NBT-, iopromide- and iodixanol-enhanced MDCT with concordance-correlation coefficients ranging from rho(c)=0.9928-0.9982. Iopromide and iodixanol both allow a reliable assessment of MI with delayed contrast-enhanced MDCT.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Andreas H. Mahnken, Gregor Jost, Philipp Bruners, Martin Sieber, Peter R. Seidensticker, Rolf W. Günther, Hubertus Pietsch
Parent Title (English):Eur Radiol. (European Radiology)
First Page:290
Last Page:297
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=18751712
Publication year:2009
Departments, institutes and facilities:Institut für funktionale Gen-Analytik (IfGA)
Entry in this database:2018/08/08