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Fanconi-Bickel syndrome: GLUT2 mutations associated with a mild phenotype

  • Fanconi-Bickel syndrome (FBS, OMIM #227810), a congenital disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, is caused by mutations in GLUT2 (SLC2A2), the gene encoding the glucose transporter protein-2. The typical clinical picture is characterized by hepatorenal glycogen accumulation resulting in hepato- and nephromegaly, impaired utilization of glucose and galactose, proximal tubular nephropathy, rickets, and severe short stature. We report on two siblings with FBS and an unusually mild clinical course. A 9.5-year-old boy with failure to thrive was diagnosed at the age of 9 months, his younger sister (4.5 years) was investigated in the first months of life and also diagnosed with FBS. Both patients were found to be compound heterozygous for the novel GLUT2 (SLC2A2) mutations c.457_462delCTTATA (p.153_4delLI) and c.1250C>G (p.P417R). On a diet restricted in free glucose and galactose, both children showed normal growth. Hepatomegaly, nephromegaly and hypophosphatemic rickets have never been observed. Glucosuria and tubular proteinuria were only mild compared to previously reported patients with FBS. This report describes an unusually mild phenotype of FBS expanding the spectrum of this disease. Some clinical signs that have been considered hallmarks of FBS like hepatomegaly and short stature may be absent in this condition. As a consequence, clinicians will have to look for GLUT2 mutations even in patients with isolated glucosuria.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Sarah Catharina Grünert, Karl Otfried Schwab, Martin Pohl, Jörn Oliver Sass, René Santer
Parent Title (English):Mol Genet Metab. (Molecular Genetics and Metabolism)
First Page:433
Last Page:437
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=22214819
Publication year:2012
Departments, institutes and facilities:Institut für funktionale Gen-Analytik (IFGA)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Entry in this database:2018/08/18