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A mild case of molybdenum cofactor deficiency defines an alternative route of MOCS1 protein maturation

  • Molybdenum cofactor deficiency is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism, which results from mutations in genes involved in Moco biosynthesis. Moco serves as a cofactor of several enzymes, including sulfite oxidase. MoCD is clinically characterized by intractable seizures and severe, rapidly progressing neurodegeneration leading to death in early childhood in the majority of known cases. Here we report a patient with an unusual late disease onset and mild phenotype, characterized by a lack of seizures, normal early development, a decline triggered by febrile illness and a subsequent dystonic movement disorder. Genetic analysis revealed a homozygous c.1338delG MOCS1 mutation causing a frameshift (p.S442fs) with a premature termination of the MOCS1AB translation product at position 477 lacking the entire MOCS1B domain. Surprisingly, urine analysis detected trace amounts (1% of control) of the Moco degradation product urothione, suggesting a residual Moco synthesis in the patient, which was consistent with the mild clinical presentation. Therefore, we performed bioinformatic analysis of the patient’s mutated MOCS1 transcript and found a potential Kozak-sequence downstream of the mutation site providing the possibility of an independent expression of a MOCS1B protein. Following the expression of the patient’s MOCS1 cDNA in HEK293 cells we detected two proteins: a truncated MOCS1AB protein and a 22.4 kDa protein representing MOCS1B. Functional studies of both proteins confirmed activity of MOCS1B, but not of the truncated MOCS1AB. This finding demonstrates an unusual mechanism of translation re-initiation in the MOCS1 transcript, which results in trace amounts of functional MOCS1B protein being sufficient to partially protect the patient from the most severe symptoms of MoCD.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Simon Julius Mayr, Jörn Oliver Sass, Julia Vry, Janbernd Kirschner, Irina Mader, Jan-Bernd Hövener, Jochen Reiss, José Angel Santamaria-Araujo, Günter Schwarz, Sarah Catharina Grünert
Parent Title (English):J Inherit Metab Dis. (Journal of inherited metabolic disease)
First Page:187
Last Page:196
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=29368224
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Date of first publication:2018/01/24
Tag:Kozak-sequence; MOCS1; Moco deficiency; Molybdenum cofactor; S-sulfocysteine; Sulfite oxidase; Urothione; cPMP
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Institut für funktionale Gen-Analytik (IFGA)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Entry in this database:2018/01/25