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Tourism Entrepreneurship in Rural Ghana: Opportunities and Concerns

  • The role of tourism entrepreneurship in rural development continues to be a subject of interest and debate among academia and practitioners. Theoretically, it is anticipated that tourism entrepreneurship will lead to livelihood diversification, enhancement and ultimately a revitalization of the rural economy. While tourism is posited as an accessible entrepreneurship pathway, there is a dearth of information regarding rural dwellers’ actual experiences with it, especially within the Ghanaian context. Using a case study approach and qualitative data from Wli; a rural tourism destination in Ghana, this paper delves into the opportunities and concerns associated with tourism entrepreneurship in rural areas. Data was obtained between November and December 2016 from 27 persons who were either tourism enterprise owners or employees. Findings from the study showed that entrepreneurial activities centred on the provision of accommodation, food and beverage, souvenir and guiding services. The nature of the activities enabled easy transfer of existing skills and knowledge. Further, entry into tourism entrepreneurship was perceived to be easy by the majority of study participants. These findings confirm the potential for tourism to be employed in boosting entrepreneurial activities in rural areas. Nevertheless, there were concerns regarding access to credit, institutional support, unhealthy competitions, low incomes, unguaranteed pensions, and seasonality and skewness of demand. These concerns threatened the growth and sustainability of tourism entrepreneurship within the community. From a policy perspective, there is a need for institutional recognition and support for tourism entrepreneurial intentions and activities in rural areas. Practice-wise, credit facilities need to be designed specifically for tourism-related rural enterprises. Further, periodic skills and knowledge augmentation programmes must be initiated to help expand the skill sets for the rural entrepreneurs. Finally, there is a need for the formation of traderelated networks to provide a platform for knowledge and experience sharing among the entrepreneurs.

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Document Type:Conference Object
Author:Ewoenam Afua Afenyo-Agbe
Parent Title (English):Bode, Umuerri (Eds.): Universities, Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Development in Africa – Conference Proceedings 2020
First Page:63
Last Page:73
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2021/04/08
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):3 Sozialwissenschaften / 33 Wirtschaft / 330 Wirtschaft
Conferences:Universities, Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Development in Africa / Universities, Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Development in Africa, Sankt Augustin, Germany, 19–20 February 2020
Entry in this database:2021/04/08
Licence (Multiple languages):License LogoIn Copyright (Urheberrechtsschutz)