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Biomechanical Computer Models

  • In the past decade computer models have become very popular in the field of biomechanics due to exponentially increasing computer power. Biomechanical computer models can roughly be subdivided into two groups: multi-body models and numerical models. The theoretical aspects of both modelling strategies will be introduced. However, the focus of this chapter lies on demonstrating the power and versatility of computer models in the field of biomechanics by presenting sophisticated finite element models of human body parts. Special attention is paid to explain the setup of individual models using medical scan data. In order to reach the goal of individualising the model a chain of tools including medical imaging, image acquisition and processing, mesh generation, material modelling and finite element simulation –possibly on parallel computer architectures- becomes necessary. The basic concepts of these tools are described and application results are presented. The chapter ends with a short outlook into the future of computer biomechanics.

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Document Type:Part of a Book
Author:Karsten Engel, Rainer Herpers, Ulrich Hartmann
Parent Title (English):Klika (Ed.): Theoretical biomechanics
First Page:93
Last Page:112
Place of publication:Rijeka, Croatia
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2011/11/25
Copyright:© 2011 The Author(s). Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Informatik
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):0 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 00 Informatik, Wissen, Systeme / 004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
Entry in this database:2016/02/16
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 3.0