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  • If the first Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) to “End poverty in all its forms everywhere” is to be taken seriously, most low- and middle-income countries face a huge challenge. An estimated 1 billion people have indeed escaped extreme poverty since the early 1990s, and the global poverty rate fell from 35% in 1990 to 10.7% in 2013, but the absolute number of people living below the international poverty line of $1.90 at purchasing power parity has hardly changed. Countries in Asia contributed greatly to the overall decline in poverty rates: from 2012 to 2013, over 100 million people in Asia left extreme poverty behind, notably in India, Indonesia, and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) (World Bank 2016). Yet the living standards of those still below that line have hardly improved (Ravallion 2016). The achievement of the first SDG requires additional efforts at global and national levels, particularly on policies that address chronic poverty traps and that improve the outcomes of poor and vulnerable populations.

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Document Type:Part of a Book
Author:Franziska Gassmann
Parent Title (English):Handayani (Ed.): Asia's Fiscal Challenge: Financing the Social Protection Agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals
First Page:132
Last Page:167
Publisher:Asian Development Bank
Place of publication:Manila
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2018/10/01
Copyright:This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 IGO License.
Departments, institutes and facilities:Internationales Zentrum für Nachhaltige Entwicklung (IZNE)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 362 Probleme und Dienste der Sozialhilfe
Entry in this database:2019/04/19
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 3.0