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Antimicrobial Activity of Lignin and Lignin-Derived Cellulose and Chitosan Composites Against Selected Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms

  • The antiradical and antimicrobial activity of lignin and lignin-based films are both of great interest for applications such as food packaging additives. The polyphenolic structure of lignin in addition to the presence of O-containing functional groups is potentially responsible for these activities. This study used DPPH assays to discuss the antiradical activity of HPMC/lignin and HPMC/lignin/chitosan films. The scavenging activity (SA) of both binary (HPMC/lignin) and ternary (HPMC/lignin/chitosan) systems was affected by the percentage of the added lignin: the 5% addition showed the highest activity and the 30% addition had the lowest. Both scavenging activity and antimicrobial activity are dependent on the biomass source showing the following trend: organosolv of softwood > kraft of softwood > organosolv of grass. Testing the antimicrobial activities of lignins and lignin-containing films showed high antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria at 35 °C and at low temperatures (0-7 °C). Purification of kraft lignin has a negative effect on the antimicrobial activity while storage has positive effect. The lignin release in the produced films affected the activity positively and the chitosan addition enhances the activity even more for both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Testing the films against spoilage bacteria that grow at low temperatures revealed the activity of the 30% addition on HPMC/L1 film against both B. thermosphacta and P. fluorescens while L5 was active only against B. thermosphacta. In HPMC/lignin/chitosan films, the 5% addition exhibited activity against both B. thermosphacta and P. fluorescens.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Abla Alzagameem, Stephanie Elisabeth Klein, Michel Bergs, Xuan Tung Do, Imke Korte, Sophia Dohlen, Carina Hüwe, Judith Kreyenschmidt, Birgit Kamm, Michael Larkins, Margit Schulze
Parent Title (English):Polymers
Article Number:670
Place of publication:Basel
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2019/04/11
Copyright:© 2019 by the authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
Funding Information:Financial support via BMBF program “IngenieurNachwuchs” projects “LignoBau” (03FH013IX4).
Keyword:antimicrobial activity; antiradical activity; chitosan; hydroxypropylmethylcellulose; lignin; organosolv; pathogenic microorganisms
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Institut für Technik, Ressourcenschonung und Energieeffizienz (TREE)
Projects:LignoBau - IngenieurNachwuchs 2014: Lignin-basierte Polymere für bauchemische Anwendungen (DE/BMBF/03FH013IX4,13FH013IX4)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
Entry in this database:2019/04/25
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International