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Intersectoral collaboration shaping One Health in the policy agenda: A comparative analysis of Ghana and India

  • Intersectoral collaborations are an integral component of the prevention and control of diseases in a complex health system. On the one hand, One Health (OH) is promoting the establishment of intersectoral collaborations for prevention at the human-animal-environment interface. On the other hand, operationalising OH can only be realized through intersectoral collaborations. This work contributes to broadening the knowledge of the process for operationalising OH by analysing the governance structures behind different initiatives that tackle health problems at the human-animal-environment interface. The cases taken as examples for the analysis are the control and response to rabies and avian influenza under “classical OH”, and the management of floods and droughts for insights into “extended OH”. Data from Ghana and India were collected and compared to identify the key elements that enable ISC for OH. Despite the case studies being heterogeneous in terms of their geographic, economic, social, cultural, and historical contexts, strong similarities were identified on how intersectoral collaborations in OH were initiated, managed, and taken to scale. The actions documented for rabies prevention and control were historically based on one sector being the leader and implementer of activities, while avian influenza management relied more on intersectoral collaborations with clearly defined sectoral responsibilities. The management of the impact of flood and droughts on health provided a good example of intersectoral collaborations achieved by sectoral integration; however, the human health component was only involved in the response stage in the case of Ghana, while for India, there were broader schemes of intersectoral collaborations for prevention, adaptation, and response concerning climate change and disaster.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Ana Maria Perez Arredondo, Sandul Yasobant, Walter Bruchhausen, Katja Bender, Timo Falkenberg
Parent Title (English):One Health
Article Number:100272
Number of pages:9
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2021/05/31
Copyright:© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
Funding Information:This work was supported by the Ministry of Culture and Science of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany under Grant Forschungskolleg ‘One Health and Urban Transformation’.
Keyword:Avian influenza; Flood management; One health action; Rabies
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Internationales Zentrum für Nachhaltige Entwicklung (IZNE)
Projects:NRW Forschungskolleg One Health and Urban Transformation
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):3 Sozialwissenschaften / 36 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste / 360 Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
Entry in this database:2021/06/12
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International