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Crafting work and leisure for recovery and optimal functioning across life domains

  • Introduction: Recovery experiences have thus far been portrayed as experiences that simply “happen” to people. However, recovery can also be understood from a crafting perspective; that is, individuals may proactively shape their work and non-work activities to recover from stress, satisfy their psychological needs, and achieve optimal functioning. Materials and Methods: In my talk, I will present the theoretical basis of needs-based crafting based on a conceptual review of the literature. Moreover, I will present empirical findings on the validation of a newly developed off-job crafting scale. Results: In five sub studies, we found that off-job crafting was related to optimal functioning over time. Moreover, the newly developed off-job crafting scale had good convergent and discriminant validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. Conclusions: Theoretical and empirical evidence suggests that needs-based crafting can enhance optimal functioning in different life domains and support people in performing their work duties sustainably. Proactive attempts to achieve better recovery through needs satisfaction may be beneficial in an intensified and continually changing and challenging working life. Our line of research provides important avenues for organizational research and practices regarding recovery and needs satisfaction occurring at work and outside work.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Jessica De Bloom, Miika Kujanpää, Merly Kosenkranius, Ulla Kinnunen, Floor Rink, Christine Syrek, Hoda Vaziri, Louis Tay, Georg Bauer, Akihito Shimazu
Parent Title (English):Safety and Health at Work
First Page:S65
Last Page:S66
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2022/02/05
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 613 Persönliche Gesundheit und Sicherheit
Entry in this database:2022/02/23
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International