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Examining Generation Z’s Attitudes, Behavior and Awareness Regarding Eco-Products: A Bayesian Approach to Confirmatory Factor Analysis

  • The research examines Generation Z’s (Gen Z’s) attitudes, behavior and awareness regarding sustainability-oriented products in two European countries, located in the region of Western Balkans, Bosnia–Herzegovina and Serbia. The research deploys generational cohort theory (GCT) and a quantitative analysis of primary data collected through an online questionnaire among 1338 primary, high school and university students, all belonging to Generation Z. It deploys a Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) by running both Maximum Likelihood (ML) and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) procedures, the latter being suitable for binary variables, which have been deployed in the study. The results of MLCFA provide evidence that there is a statistically significant and relatively strong relation between sustainability and circular economy attitudes (SCEA) and sustainability and circular economy behavior (SCEB), while there is a statistically insignificant and relatively weak relation between sustainability and circular economy behavior (SCEB) and circular economy awareness (CEW). The results of the BCFA, which is based on MCMC procedure, are similar to the results based on a rather commonly used MLCFA procedure. The results also confirm that Gen Z knows more about the companies which recycle products than it does about the CE as a concept, while the vast majority is concerned about the future of the planet and is motivated to learn more about the CE through CE and various awareness-raising measures.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Tatjana Mamula Nikolić, Ivan Paunović, Mirjana Milovanović, Nenad Lozović, Marija Đurović
Parent Title (English):Sustainability
Article Number:2727
Number of pages:16
Place of publication:Basel
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2022/02/25
Copyright:© 2022 by the authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
Funding:This research received no external funding.
Keyword:BCFA; Bayesian CFA; Markov chain Monte Carlo; attitude-behavior gap for sustainability; circular economy; consumer behavior for sustainability; eco-certification; eco-products; environmental certification; generation Z; generational cohort; sustainability-oriented behavior
Departments, institutes and facilities:Centrum für Entrepreneurship, Innovation und Mittelstand (CENTIM)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):3 Sozialwissenschaften / 30 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie / 304 Das Sozialverhalten beeinflussende Faktoren
Entry in this database:2022/03/04
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International