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Identification, characterisation, and evaluation of bioactive plant-based compounds for the sustainable stabilisation of food packaging materials

  • Typically, plastic packaging materials are produced using additives, like e.g. stabilisers, to introduce specific desired properties into the material or, in case of stabilisers, to prolong the shelf life of such packaging materials. However, those stabilisers are typically fossil-based and can pose risks to both environmental and human health. Therefore, the present study presents more sustainable alternatives based on regional renewable resources which show the relevant antioxidant, antimicrobial and UV absorbing properties to successfully serve as a plastic stabiliser. In the study, all plants are extracted and characterised with regard to not only antioxidant, antimicrobial and UV absorbing effects, but also with regard to additional relevant information like chemical constituents, molar mass distribution, absorbance in the visible range et cetera. The extraction process is furthermore optimised and, where applicable, reasonable opportunities for waste valorisation are explored and analysed. Furthermore, interactions between analysed plant extracts are described and model films based on Poly-Lactic Acid are prepared, incorporating analysed plant extracts. Based on those model films, formulation tests and migration analysis according to EU legislation is conducted. The well-known aromatic and medicinal plant thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) includes phenolic terpenoids like thymol and carvacrol which have strong antioxidant, antimicrobial and UV absorbing effects. Analyses show that those effects can be used in both lipophilic and hydrophilic surroundings, that the variant Varico 3 is a more potent cultivar than other analysed thyme variants, and that a passive extraction setup can be used for extract preparation while distillation of the Essential Oils can be a more efficient approach. Macromolecular antioxidant polyphenols, particularly proanthocyanidins, have been found in the seed coats of the European horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) which are regularly discarded in phytopharmaceutical industry. In this study, such effects and compounds have been reported for the first time while a valorisation of waste materials has been analysed successfully. Furthermore, a passive extraction setup for waste materials and whole seeds has been developed. In extracts of snowdrops, precisely Galanthus elwesii HOOK.F., high concentrations of tocopherol have been found which promote a particularly high antioxidant capacity in lipophilic surroundings. Different coniferous woods (Abies div., Picea div.) which are in use as Christmas trees are extracted after separating the biomass in leafs and wood parts before being analysed regarding extraction optimisation and drought resistance of active substances. Antioxidant and UV absorbing proanthocyanidins are found even in dried biomasses, allowing the circular use of already used Christmas trees as bio-based stabilisers and the production of sustainable paper as a byproduct.

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Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Author:Thomas Havelt
Subtitle (English):Identifizierung, Charakterisierung und Evaluierung von bioaktiven sekundären Inhaltsstoffen für die nachhaltige Stabilisierung von Lebensmittelverpackungen
Referee:Michaela Schmitz, Ralf Pude
Date of exam:2022/03/25
Contributing Corporation:Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
Date of first publication:2022/04/05
Keyword:Additiv; Antioxidans; Charakterisierung; Christmas trees; Nadelhölzer; Ressource; Rosskastanie; Schneeglöckchen; Stabilisator; Stabilization; Synergie; Thyme; Thymian; UV; Weihnachtsbaum; additive; antioxidant; bio-based; biobasiert; characterization; coniferous woods; horse chestnut; migration; nachhaltig; ressources; snowdrop; sustainable; synergism
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Institut für Technik, Ressourcenschonung und Energieeffizienz (TREE)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 63 Landwirtschaft / 630 Landwirtschaft und verwandte Bereiche
Entry in this database:2022/05/18