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A hybrid skill parameterisation model combining symbolic and subsymbolic elements for introspective robots

  • In the design of robot skills, the focus generally lies on increasing the flexibility and reliability of the robot execution process; however, typical skill representations are not designed for analysing execution failures if they occur or for explicitly learning from failures. In this paper, we describe a learning-based hybrid representation for skill parameterisation called an execution model, which considers execution failures to be a natural part of the execution process. We then (i) demonstrate how execution contexts can be included in execution models, (ii) introduce a technique for generalising models between object categories by combining generalisation attempts performed by a robot with knowledge about object similarities represented in an ontology, and (iii) describe a procedure that uses an execution model for identifying a likely hypothesis of a parameterisation failure. The feasibility of the proposed methods is evaluated in multiple experiments performed with a physical robot in the context of handle grasping, object grasping, and object pulling. The experimental results suggest that execution models contribute towards avoiding execution failures, but also represent a first step towards more introspective robots that are able to analyse some of their execution failures in an explicit manner.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Alex MitrevskiORCiD, Paul G. PlögerORCiD, Gerhard LakemeyerORCiD
Parent Title (English):Robotics and Autonomous Systems
Article Number:104350
Number of pages:22
Date of first publication:2022/12/25
Funding:This work has received support from the Bonn-Aachen International Center for Information Technology (b-it).
This article is part of the special issue on Semantic Policy and Action Representations for Autonomous Robots.
Abstract provided by the author.
Keyword:robot execution failures; robot introspection; skill execution models
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Informatik
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):0 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 00 Informatik, Wissen, Systeme / 004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
Entry in this database:2023/01/04