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Too Committed to Switch off – Capturing and Organizing the Full Range of Work-Related Rumination from Detachment to Overcommitment

  • Work-related thoughts in off-job time have been studied extensively in occupational health psychology and related fields. We provide a focused review of research on overcommitment – a component within the effort-reward imbalance model – and aim to connect this line of research to the most commonly studied aspects of work-related rumination. Drawing on this integrative review, we analyze survey data on ten facets of work-related rumination, namely (1) overcommitment, (2) psychological detachment, (3) affective rumination, (4) problem-solving pondering, (5) positive work reflection, (6) negative work reflection, (7) distraction, (8) cognitive irritation, (9) emotional irritation, and (10) inability to recover. First, we leverage exploratory factor analysis to self-report survey data from 357 employees to calibrate overcommitment items and to position overcommitment within the nomological net of work-related rumination constructs. Second, we leverage confirmatory factor analysis to self-report survey data from 388 employees to provide a more specific test of uniqueness vs. overlap among these constructs. Third, we apply relative weight analysis to quantify the unique criterion-related validity of each work-related rumination facet regarding (1) physical fatigue, (2) cognitive fatigue, (3) emotional fatigue, (4) burnout, (5) psychosomatic complaints, and (6) satisfaction with life. Our results suggest that several measures of work-related rumination (e.g., overcommitment and cognitive irritation) can be used interchangeably. Emotional irritation and affective rumination emerge as the strongest unique predictors of fatigue, burnout, psychosomatic complaints, and satisfaction with life. Our study assists researchers in making informed decisions on selecting scales for their research and paves the way for integrating research on effort-reward imbalance and work-related rumination.

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Document Type:Preprint
Author:Oliver Weigelt, J. Charlotte Seidel, Lucy Erber, Johannes Wendsche, Yasemin Z. Varol, Gerald M. Weiher, Petra Gierer, Claudia Sciannimanica, Richard Janzen, Christine J. Syrek
Parent Title (English):Preprints
Article Number:2023010120
Number of pages:37
Date of first publication:2023/01/06
Copyright:© 2023 by the author(s). Distributed under a Creative Commons CC BY license.
Funding:This research was funded by Volkswagen Foundation (Az. 96 849, “The role of work in the development of civilization diseases”). We acknowledge financial support from Leipzig University within the funding program Open Access Publishing
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint is available in: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 3573, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph20043573
Keyword:affective rumination; burnout; irritation; negative work reflection; overcommitment; positive work reflection; problem-solving pondering; psychological detachment; satisfaction with life; work-related rumination
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Entry in this database:2023/01/19
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International