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Hesitations and Aspirations of Farmers in Nature-Protected Areas

  • Pursuant to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 15 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations, one pivotal target is to halt biodiversity loss. This paper’s objective is to analyze why and how German farmers hesitate to implement more than the prescriptive measures with regard to cross compliance and direct payments under the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and what their aspirations are for possible incentives to bring biodiversity into focus. By applying a mixed methods approach, we investigate the experience of individual farmers by means of a qualitative approach followed by a quantitative study. This analysis sheds light on how farmers perceive indirect influencing factors and how these factors play a non-negligible role in farmers´ commitment to biodiversity. Economy, policy and society are intertwined and need to be considered from a multi-faceted perspective. In addition, an in-depth analysis is conducted based on online focus group discussions to determine whether farmers accept financial support, focusing on both action- and success-oriented payments. Our results highlight the importance of paying attention to the heterogeneity of farmers, their locations and, consequently, farmers’ different views on indirect drivers influencing agricultural processes, showing the complexity of the problem. Although farmers’ expectations can be met with financial allocations, other aspects must also be taken into account.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Angela Turck, Wiltrud Terlau
Parent Title (English):Sustainability
Article Number:3196
Number of pages:12
Place of publication:Basel
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2023/02/09
Copyright:© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
Funding:The research for this article was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) as part of the project “Diversity of Insects in Nature-protected Areas (DINA)” and was handled by the VDI Project Management Agency (Grant Number FKZ 01LC1901).
Keyword:Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); biodiversity; farmers’ heterogeneity; incentives; mixed methods approach
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Internationales Zentrum für Nachhaltige Entwicklung (IZNE)
Projects:Diversity of Insects in Nature protected Areas
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 577 Ökologie
Entry in this database:2023/02/14
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International