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Melt fraction, distribution and interconnection determined by electrical conductivity (EC) and energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDX) measurements

  • This study deals with the in-situ detection of volume fractions of melt in labradorite and basalt at 0.3 GPa pressure and temperatures ranging from 400–1500 °C. Methods used were frequency dependent electrical conductivity (EC) and energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDX). These techniques allowed melt fraction determination under in-situ pressure and temperature conditions, while optical analysis (SEM) was performed on quenched samples. EC allowed detecting melt frac- tions as low as 0.03 due to changes in dielectric properties. Increasing melt fractions caused the formerly isolated melt bubbles to interconnect along grain boundaries, thus increasing the bulk conductivity. Electrical conductivity thus provides a measure for both, the formation of melt (dielectric property) and the degree of interconnection of melt (bulk conductivity). Energy dispersive X-ray diffraction experiments (EDX) provided an additional measure for the volume fraction of melt. EDX diffraction data were used to calculate the volume fraction of melt on the basis of the peak to background ratio. In a final step the experimental data (SEM, EC, EDX) were compared with geometric models of melt distribution, namely the Archie-, cube-, tube-, Hashin-Shtrikman HS + and HS - model. The electrical "polarisability" data closely fit the HS + model, while bulk conductivity data were found to be less sensitive for melt fraction detection.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Georg Nover, Jutta von der Gönna
Parent Title (English):Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften
First Page:389
Last Page:402
Date of first publication:2017/11/01
Keyword:basalt; energy dispersive X-ray diffraction; impedance spectroscopy; melt fraction; melt interconnection; partial melting
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 551 Geologie, Hydrologie, Meteorologie
Entry in this database:2018/01/06