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Detection of Counterfeit ICs using Public Identification Sequences and Side-Channel Leakage

  • In this work we present a new approach for counterfeit protection against remarked, overproduced, and out-of-spec integrated circuits (ICs). Our approach uses identification sequences that are regularly published by the original chip manufacturer and hidden in the electromagnetic (EM) leakage of authentic chips. A portion of the chip area is dedicated to a crypto engine running in stream cipher mode that is initialized with a unique key and initialization vector stored in one-time-programmable antifuse memory. IC identification is carried out in the field, by obtaining EM measurements of deployed ICs and by proving the presence of the genuine identification sequences in the measurements. We evaluate our approach using a proof-of-concept implementation on three FPGA boards by capturing EM leakage of the FPGAs under test at their decoupling capacitors. The results show that the user can carry out IC identification on-site, using standard lab equipment in short amount of time.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Peter Samarin, Kerstin Lemke-Rust
Parent Title (English):IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
First Page:803
Last Page:813
Date of first publication:2018/08/21
This work was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through the project DePlagEmSoft, FKZ 03FH015I3.
Tag:Antifuse memory; Chip ID; Counterfeit protection; EM leakage; IC identification; Leakage circuits; Side channels; Stream cipher
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Informatik
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):0 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 00 Informatik, Wissen, Systeme / 004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
Entry in this database:2018/08/24