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Bcl-2 expression delays mammary tumor development in dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-treated transgenic mice

  • Bcl-2 is known to have dual antiproliferative and antiapoptotic roles. Overexpression of Bcl-2 in the mammary gland using a whey acidic protein (WAP) promoter-driven Bcl-2 transgene inhibits apoptosis in the mammary gland during pregnancy, lactation, and involution, and also counteracts apoptosis induced by overexpression of a mutant p53 transgene (WAP-p53 172 R-L). WAP-Bcl-2 mice and nontransgenic controls were treated with the carcinogen dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Surprisingly, the nontransgenic mice developed mammary tumors with decreased latency. Tumors arising in WAP-Bcl-2 mice displayed substantially reduced levels of proliferation relative to those seen in nontransgenic mice (P < 0.015), perhaps resulting in the observed increase in tumor latency following carcinogen treatment. This WAP-Bcl-2 mouse tumor model reflects the situation seen in some human breast cancers overexpressing Bcl-2, where expression of Bcl-2 has been shown to correlate with a lower proliferative index in tumors.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Kristen L. Murphy, Frances S. Kittrell, Jason P. Gay, Richard Jäger, Daniel Medina, Jeffrey M. Rosen
Parent Title (English):Oncogene
First Page:6597
Last Page:6604
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Date of first publication:1999/11/11
Departments, institutes and facilities:Institut für funktionale Gen-Analytik (IFGA)
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Entry in this database:2018/07/14