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The Application of Headspace: Solid-Phase Microextraction (HS-SPME) Coupled with Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) for the Characterization of Polymers

  • Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) is a very simple and efficient, solventless sample preparation method, invented by Pawliszyn and coworkers at the University of Waterloo (Canada) in 1989. This method has been widely used in different fields of analytical chemistry since its first applications to environmental and food analysis. SPME integrates sampling, extraction, concentration and sample introduction into a single solvent-free step. The method saves preparation time, disposal costs and can improve detection limits. It has been routinely used in combination with gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and successfully applied to a wide variety of ompounds, especially for the extraction of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds from environmental, biological and food samples. Since the last twenty years, SPME in headspace (HS) mode is used as a valuable sample preparation technique for identifying degradation products in polymers and for determination of rest monomers and other light-boiling substances in polymeric materials. For more than ten years, our laboratory has been involved in projects focused on the application of HS-SPME-GC/MS for the characterization of polymeric materials from many branches of manufacturing and building industries. This book chapter describes the application examples of this technique for identifying volatile organic compounds (VOCs), additives and degradation products in industrial plastics, rubber, and packaging materials.

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Document Type:Part of a Book
Author:Peter Kusch
Parent Title (English):Warren (Ed.): Gas chromatography. Analysis, methods and practices
First Page:69
Last Page:103
Publisher:Nova Science Publishers
Place of publication:New York
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2017/05/25
Copyright:© 2017 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Keyword:GC/MS; HS SPME; polymers
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Angewandte Naturwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
Entry in this database:2017/06/02
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0