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The upGREAT Dual Frequency Heterodyne Arrays for SOFIA

  • We present the performance of the upGREAT heterodyne array receivers on the SOFIA telescope after several years of operations. This instrument is a multi-pixel high resolution (R≳10 7 R≳107) spectrometer for the Stratospheric Observatory for Far-Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). The receivers use 7-pixel subarrays configured in a hexagonal layout around a central pixel. The low frequency array receiver (LFA) has 2×7 2×7 pixels (dual polarization), and presently covers the 1.83–2.07 THz frequency range, which allows to observe the [CII] and [OI] lines at 158 μ μm and 145 μ μm wavelengths. The high frequency array (HFA) covers the [OI] line at 63 μ μm and is equipped with one polarization at the moment (7 pixels, which can be upgraded in the near future with a second polarization array). The 4.7 THz array has successfully flown using two separate quantum-cascade laser local oscillators from two different groups. NASA completed the development, integration and testing of a dual-channel closed-cycle cryocooler system, with two independently operable He compressors, aboard SOFIA in early 2017 and since then, both arrays can be operated in parallel using a frequency separating dichroic mirror. This configuration is now the prime GREAT configuration and has been added to SOFIA’s instrument suite since observing cycle 6.

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Document Type:Article
Author:C. Risacher, R. Güsten, J. Stutzki, H.-W. Hübers, R. Aladro, A. Bell, C. Buchbender, D. Büchel, T. Csengeri, C. Duran, U. U. Graf, R. D. Higgins, C. E. Honingh, K. Jacobs, M. Justen, B. Klein, M. Mertens, Y. Okada, A. Parikka, P. Pütz, N. Reyes, H. Richter, O. Ricken, D. Riquelme, N. Rothbart, N. Schneider, R. Simon, M. Wienold, H. Wiesemeyer, M. Ziebart, P. Fusco, S. Rosner, B. Wohler
Parent Title (English):Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation
First Page:1840014-1
Last Page:1840014-16
ArXiv Id:http://arxiv.org/abs/1812.07403
Publisher:World Scientific
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Date of first publication:2018/12/03
Copyright:© The Author(s). This is an Open Access article published by World Scientific Publishing Company. It is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY) License.
Keyword:SOFIA (GREAT); THz astronomy; airborne; high resolution spectroscopy
Departments, institutes and facilities:Fachbereich Ingenieurwissenschaften und Kommunikation
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC):5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 52 Astronomie / 520 Astronomie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
Entry in this database:2019/01/09
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International